Mexico has not been oblivious to the global population growth or the impact of the population on the environment. At the beginning of the 21st century, the national growth rate was 1.2%, very similar to the one at the beginning of the 20th century, but with a population between seven and eight times higher. In 2010, 114.26 million people lived in the country: 51.2% of them women and 48.8% of men (Conapo, 2013). According to the national indicators of population growth, the Mexican population is in an advanced stage of demographic transition, in which both the mortality rate and the fertility rate tend to be low.
The projections of the National Population Council (Conapo) indicate that
population growth will continue until the year 2050, when it will reach
approximately 150.84 million inhabitants (Conapo, 2013).